Battery Electric Vehicles Underground

This project is a partnership between GMG and CMIC


Update the first edition of the Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) guideline, an overview of the available standards around BEV implementation in an underground mine, considering new technologies and filling in gaps.


This guideline, in partnership with Canada Mining Innovation Council (CMIC), outlines the recommended practice for the use of BEVs in an underground mining environment. It can be used by both mining companies and OEMs in designing and accommodating BEVs.

It aims to strike an appropriate balance between standardization and innovation, providing a global scope while acknowledging that regional differences exist in standards and regulatory frameworks.

Continuing to provide operators and OEMs with the tools to solve the challenges associated with the transition from diesel to BEVs, Version 2.0 will add:

  • An operation section including emergency response requirements, guidelines on required skill sets, and training for maintenance technicians.
  • New material to seven existing sections including, charger standardization recommendations, different battery chemistries, and alternate charging methods.

Business Case

Underground mining is progressing to deeper levels. As a result, the energy required for diesel mobile equipment fleets is increasing, and some regions are tightening diesel particulate regulations. BEVs offer a unique opportunity to address these challenges, potentially reducing both the mine’s operating cost and its environmental and health consequences because they:

  • Require less maintenance.
  • Emit lower levels of greenhouse gases.
  • Use less energy.
  • Avoid emission of DPMs (a known carcinogen)

However, they also present a new set of challenges for mine operators concerning infrastructure, maintenance, and operating constraints.

OEMs and mine owners and operators were already investing in BEVs with little guidance or standardization for implementation. The first edition of the guideline provided much-needed guidance by offering a blueprint for mine design and equipment innovation and providing solutions to potential electric mine problems before they occur.

BEV technologies are advancing very quickly. The second edition will ensure that the guideline is up-to-date and can continue to be used in a way that maintains safety and compatibility without stifling creativity.

Participating Companies

ABB, Accenture, Adria Manufacturing Inc., Agnico Eagle, Akata Group, Alex Atkins & Associates, Amec Foster Wheeler, AMQ, AngloGold Ashanti, Aramine, Artisan Vehicle Systems, Autoline, Barminco, Barrick Gold, Battery Solutions, Bestech, BHP, Boliden, Cameco, Caterpillar, CMI, CORFO, CSA Group, Cummins, Deloitte, Edvirt, Efacec, Energetique, Energigo, Epiroc, FD 4×4 Centre, Flow Partners, Fostergy, Franklin Empire, FVT Research, GE Mining, Glencore, Global IO, Goldcorp, Hatch, Heliox Automotive, Hermann Paus Maschinenfabrik, IDTechEx, IREQ – Hydro Quebec, iVolve, JVA, Kirkland Lake Gold, Komatsu, Laurentian University, Maclean Engineering, Marcotte Mining, McEwen Mining, MedaTech, Micromine, Microvast, Miller Technology, Minecat, Natural Resources Canada / Government of Canada, Newcastle, Newmont, NIOSH, Normet, Noront Resources, North American Palladium (NAP), Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, OSIsoft, Parker, Prairie Machine & Parts, Preis & Steyn, Rail-Veyor, RDH Mining Equipment, Rio Tinto, Rock Breakers (RBI), Rockwell Automation, Scania, Schunk, SDMT, Siemens, SSR Mining, Staubli, Strategy Focused Innovation, Symbiotic Innovations, Symboticware, Teck, TM4, Toromont, Transpower USA, Umicore, Vale, Wainbee, Yamana Gold