Battery Electric Vehicles Underground

This project is a partnership between GMG and CMIC

The second edition of the Recommended Best Practices for Battery Electric Vehicles in Underground Mining guideline was published in November 2018.



This guideline, in partnership with Canada Mining Innovation Council (CMIC), outlines the recommended practice for the use of BEVs in an underground mining environment. It can be used by both mining companies and OEMs in designing and accommodating BEVs.

It aims to strike an appropriate balance between standardization and innovation, providing a global scope while acknowledging that regional differences exist in standards and regulatory frameworks.

Continuing to provide operators and OEMs with the tools to solve the challenges associated with the transition from diesel to BEVs, the second edition adds

  • An operation section including emergency response requirements, guidelines on required skill sets, and training for maintenance technicians.
  • New material to seven existing sections including, charger standardization recommendations, different battery chemistries, and alternate charging methods.


Business Case

Underground mining is progressing to deeper levels. As a result, the energy required for diesel mobile equipment fleets is increasing, and some regions are tightening diesel particulate regulations. BEVs offer a unique opportunity to address these challenges, potentially reducing both the mine’s operating cost and its environmental and health consequences because they:

  • Require less maintenance.
  • Emit lower levels of greenhouse gases.
  • Use less energy.
  • Avoid emission of DPMs (a known carcinogen)

However, they also present a new set of challenges for mine operators concerning infrastructure, maintenance, and operating constraints.

OEMs and mine owners and operators were already investing in BEVs with little guidance or standardization for implementation. The first edition of the guideline provided much-needed guidance by offering a blueprint for mine design and equipment innovation and providing solutions to potential electric mine problems before they occur.

BEV technologies are advancing very quickly. The second edition updates and expands upon the previous one and adds new information to accommodate advances.


Participating Companies

ABB, Accenture, Adria Manufacturing Inc., Agnico Eagle, Akata Group, Alex Atkins & Associates, Ambuja Cements, Amec Foster Wheeler, Ampcontrol, AMQ, AngloGold Ashanti, Aramine, Artisan Vehicle Systems, Astec Australia, AusIMM, Autoline, Barminco, Barrick Gold, Battery Solutions, Bestech, BHP, Boliden, Byrnecut, Calsta, Cameco, Caterpillar, CMI, Colt Resources, CSA Group, Cummins, Defence Science and Technology Group – Australia, Deloitte, Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety (DMIRS), Desert Falcon Consulting, Deswik, Edvirt, Efacec, Elphinstone, EMR Golden Grove, Energetique, Energetique Mining Vehicles, Energigo, Epiroc, ETF Mining Equipment, EY, FD 4×4 Centre, Flow Partners, Fostergy, Franklin Empire, FVT Research, GE Mining, Glencore, Gold Fields, Goldcorp, Hatch, Heliox Automotive, Hermann Paus Maschinenfabrik, IDTechEx, IREQ – Hydro Quebec, JVA, KCGM, Kirkland Lake Gold, Komatsu, Laurentian University, Maclean Engineering, Mandalay Resources, Marcotte Mining, McEwen Mining, MDT Engineering, MedaTech, Medusa Mining, Micromine, Microvast, Miller Technology, Mine Tech Australia, Minecat, Minetec, Murray Engineering, Natural Resources Canada / Government of Canada, Newcastle, Newmont, NIOSH, NIOSH Pittsburgh Mining Research Division, Normet, Noront Resources, North American Palladium (NAP), Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, Orelogy Consulting, OSIsoft, Parker, Prairie Machine & Parts, Preis & Steyn, Rail-Veyor, RDH Mining Equipment, Rham Equipment, Rio Tinto, Rock Breakers (RBI), Rockwell Automation, Safescape, Sandfire, Sandvik, Scania, Schunk, SDMT, Siemens, South32, SRK Consulting, SSR Mining, Stantec, Staubli, Strategy Focused Innovation, Symbiotic Innovations, Symboticware, Teck, Tembo e-LV, TM4, Toromont, Transpower USA, Umicore, Vale, VectORE, Viva Energy, Wainbee, Yamana Gold

Project Updates

Publication: Guideline for the Recommended Practices for Battery Electric Vehicles in the Underground, V.2

The much-awaited second edition of the Recommended Practices for Battery Electric Vehicles in the Underground guideline is here.


GMG, in partnership with Canada Mining Innovation Council (CMIC), has published the much-awaited second version of their Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) guideline. The BEVs Guideline aims to drive technological development to enable diesel-free underground mines. BEVs can reduce both a mine’s operating costs and impact on the environment, but they also require mines to make many infrastructural and procedural changes. Read more...